What is Psychological Trauma and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) The word ‘trauma’ is derived from the Greek term for ‘wound’. Very frightening or distressing events may result in a psychological wound or injury – a difficulty in coping or functioning normally following a particular event or experience. Everyone’s reaction is different, but most people who experience a potentially traumatic event will recover well with the help of family and friends and will not experience any long-term problems. If people do develop problems, they may appear directly after the traumatic event or they may not emerge until much later. What is a traumatic event Potentially traumatic events are powerful and upsetting incidents that intrude into daily life. They are usually defined as experiences which are life threatening, or where there is a significant threat to one’s physical or psychological wellbeing. The same event may have little impact on one person but cause severe distress in another individual. The impact that an event has may be related to the person’s mental and physical health, level of available support at the time of the event, and past experience and coping skills. Situations and events that can lead a person to experience psychological trauma include: · Acts of violence such as an armed robbery, war or terrorism · Natural disasters such as bushfire, earthquake or floods · Interpersonal violence such as rape, child abuse, or suicide of a family member or friend · Involvement in a serious motor vehicle or workplace accident. Other less severe but still stressful situations can also trigger traumatic reactions in some people. What are the symptoms of psychological trauma Many people have strong emotional or physical reactions following experience of a traumatic event. For most, these reactions […]